A cough is an involuntary or voluntary act that clears the breathing and throat passage from microbes, fluids, mucus, foreign particles, and contaminants. Coughing can be carried out due to reflex or can be done intentionally. Even though coughing can be a symbol of a serious disease, more frequently, it will clean up on its own without the necessity for medical attention.
Usually, a cough that lasts for less than three weeks is acute. A cough that lasts between three and eight weeks is subacute. On the other hand, a chronic cough is one that lasts more than eight weeks. Most types of cough usually improve within a couple of weeks. In case you cough up blood, you must talk to the doctor. Any type of cough that does not improve after a few weeks may be serious, and in such cases, you should see a practitioner.
Cause of cough
Cough can be caused by several conditions, which can be both temporary and permanent.
- The most common cause of a cough is a respiratory tract infection, for instance, the flu or cold. Respiratory tract infections are typically caused by a virus and may continue from a few days to a week. Infections caused by the flu may take some more time to clear up and may at times need antibiotics.
- Another common cause of coughing is asthma. Usually, asthmatic coughing includes wheezing, making it simple to recognize. Asthma exacerbations should get treatment using an inhaler.
- Cough can also be caused due to smoking. A cough caused by smoking is usually a chronic cough with a unique sound. It is also known as “smoker’s cough.”
- Certain medications can cause coughing, even though this is typically a rare side effect. ACE or Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are usually used to treat heart conditions and high blood pressure which can in turn cause coughing.
Apart from this, other conditions that may cause cough include:
- Serious conditions for instance heart failure and pulmonary embolism
- Damage to the vocal cords
- Postnasal drip
- Bacterial infections such as croup, whooping cough, and pneumonia
GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease is another popular condition that can cause a chronic cough. In this disorder, the contents in the stomach gush back into the esophagus. This backflow arouses a reflex in the trachea, making the individual cough.
Common signs and symptoms of Acute and Chronic Coughs
An acute cough is divided into infectious and noninfectious causes:
- Signs that indicate an infection include chills, fever, sore throat, body aches, vomiting, nausea, sinus pressure, headache, runny nose, postnasal drip, and night sweats. Phlegm or sputum at times indicates that an infection is present, but it is also seen in non-infectious causes.
- Signs that indicate a noninfectious cause comprise coughs that take place when an individual is exposed to certain irritants or chemicals in the environment, coughs that routinely deteriorate when an individual goes to another location or carry out certain activities, coughs with wheezing, or coughs that get better with allergy medications or inhalers.
Common chronic cough symptoms:
- In case a person has a chronic lung disease for instance emphysema, asthma, or chronic bronchitis, they might have a constant cough or a cough that deteriorates with certain activities or locations. An individual might or might not have sputum with a cough, and frequently have developed with the use of inhaled or oral steroids, or other inhaled medicines.
- If a cough is associated with environmental irritants, it will deteriorate when exposed to the wrong agent. In case a person has an environmental allergy, the cough may get better when using allergy medications. In case a person has a smoker’s cough, it may get better if they stop smoking and may deteriorate with increased smoking.
- In case a cough is a word of warning of underlying cancer, the individual may have several symptoms. If cancer of the air passages or lung cancer is present, the individual may cough up blood. Other symptoms that may warn of cancer comprise loss of appetite, worsening fatigue, unsolved loss of weight, or lessened capability to consume liquids or solid foods.
Remedies that help relieve cough
- Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
- Gargle warm salt water regularly to get rid of mucus and calm your throat.
- Add ginger or honey to hot tea to alleviate your cough and clear your airway.
- Take steamy showers as this can provide respite from cough.
- Humidifiers can also help. Putting moisture back in the air with the help of a humidifier can help your cough.
- Keep your head elevated with additional pillows when sleeping.
- Avoid irritants, which include dust and smoke.
- To unblock your nose and ease breathing use decongestant sprays.
Besides this, you can use Ayurvedic Cough Syrup as this can soothe the throat and help relieve cough.
Torex herbal cough syrup is one of the best ayurvedic cough syrup for the child as well as the adult. This Ayurvedic Treatment for Cough and Cold contains chosen twenty natural herbs and can be consumed by children as well as adults as it is safe for people of all age groups. The syrup must be taken with a glass of lukewarm water. The syrup includes Tulsi and honey which are extremely good when it comes to relieving cough. Besides this, Torex herbal is the best ayurvedic cough syrup for adults and children especially for those who are suffering from a wet cough, whooping cough, allergic rhinitis, dry cough, and chronic or acute bronchitis can take advantage of the herbal cough syrup.
To get the best result, Torex herbal cough syrup can be given to children three to four times a day 2.5 to 5 ml with lukewarm water. On the other hand, for adults, 10 ml of this syrup can be given three to four times a day with lukewarm water.